THe seventeenth of Aprill, 1610. we brake ground,
and went downe from Saint Katharines Poole,
and fell downe to Blacke-wall :
and so plyed downe with the ships to Lee,
which was the two and twentieth day.
The two and twentieth, I caused Master Coleburne to bee put into a Pinke,
bound for London, with my Letter to the Adventurers,
importing the reason wherefore I so put him out of the ship,
and so plyed forth.
The second of May, the wind Southerly, at Eeven
we were thwart of Flamborough Head.
The fift, we were at the Iles of Orkney,
and here I set the North end of the Needle,
and the North of Flie all one.
The sixt, wee were in the latitude of 59. degrees 22. minutes,
and perceived that the North end of Scotland, Orney, and Shotland
are not so Northerly, as is commonly set downe.
The eight day, wee saw Farre Ilands,
in the latitude of 62. degrees 24. minutes.
The eleventh day, we fell with the Easter part of Island,
and then plying along the Souther part of the Land,
we came to Westmony, being the fifteenth day,
and still plyed about the mayne Iland,
untill the last of May with contrary winds,
and we got some Fowles of divers sorts.
The first day of June, we put to Sea of an Harbour,
in the Westermost part of Island,
and so plyed to the Westward in the latitude of 66. degrees 34. minutes,
and the second day plyed and found our selfes in 65. degrees 57. minutes,
with little wind Easterly.
The third day, wee found our selves in 65. degrees 30. minutes,
with winde at North-east, a little before this we sayled neere some Ice.
The fourth day, we saw Groneland over the Ice perfectly,
and this night the Sunne went downe due North,
and rose North North-east. So plying the fift day,
we were in 65. degrees, still encombred with much Ice,
which hung upon the Coast of Groneland.
The ninth day, wee were off Frobishers Streights with the winde Northerly,
and so plyed unto the South-westward untill the fifteenth day.
The fifteenth day, we were in sight of the land,
in latitude 59. degrees 27. minutes,
which was called by Captayne John Danis, Desolation,
and found the errour of the former laying downe of the Land :
and then running to the North-westward untill the twentieth day,
wee found the ship in 60. degrees 44. minutes,
and saw much Ice,and many Riplings or Over-fals,
and a strong streame setting from East South-east,
to West North-west.
The one and twentie, two and twentie, and three and twentie dayes,
with the winde variable,
we plyed to the North-westward in sight of much Ice,
into the height of 62. degrees 29. minutes.
The foure and twentie, and five and twentie dayes,
sayling to the Westward about mid-night,
wee saw Land North, which was suddenly lost againe.
So wee ranne still to the Westward in 62. degrees 17. minutes.
The fift of July, wee plyed up upon the Souther side,
troubled with much Ice in seeking the shoare untill the fift of July,
and we observed that day in 59.degrees 16. minutes.
Then we plyed off the shoare againe, untill the eight day,
and then found the eight of the Pole in 60. degrees no minutes.
Here we saw the Land from the North-west by West,
halfe Northerly unto the South-west by West,
covered with snow, a Champaigne Land,
and called it, Desire provoketh.
We still plyed up to the Westward,
as the Land and Ice would suffer untill the eleventh day;
when fearing a storme, we anchored by three Rockie Ilands
in uncertayne depth, betweene two and nine fathomes;
and found it an Harbour unsufficient by reason of funken Rockes,
one of which was next morning two fathomes above water.
Wee called them the Iles of Gods Mercies.
The water floweth here better then foure fathomes.
The Floud commeth from the North, flowing eight the change day.
The latitude in this place is 62. degrees 9. minutes.
Then plying to the South-westward the sixteenth day,
wee were in the latitude of 58. degrees 50. minutes,
but found our selves imbayed with Land, and had much Ice :
and we plyed to the North-westward untill the nineteenth day,
and then wee found by observation the height of the Pole
in 61. degrees 24. minutes, and saw the Land,
which I named, Hold with Hope.
Hence I plyed to the North-westward still,
untill the one and twentieth day, with the wind variable.
Heere I found the Sea more growne,
then any wee had since wee left England.
The three and twentieth day,
by observation the height of the Pole was 61. degrees 33. minutes.
The five and twentieth day, we saw the Land;
and named it Magna Britannia. The sixe and twentieth day,
wee observed and found the latitude in 62. degrees 44. minutes.
The eight and twentieth day,
we were in the height of 63. degrees 10. minutes,
and plyed Southerly of the West.
The one and thirtieth day, plying to the Westward,
at noone wee found our selves in 62. degrees 24. minutes.
The first of August, we had sight of the Northerne shoare,
from the North by East of the West by South of us :
the North part twelve leagues, and the Wester part twentie leagues from us :
and we had no ground there at one hundred and eightie fathomes.
And I thinke I saw Land on the Sunne side,
but could not make it perfectly, bearing East North-east.
Here I found the latitude 62. degrees 50. minutes.
The second day, we had sight of a faire Head-land,
on the Norther shoare six leagues off,
which I called Salisburies Fore-land :
we ranne from them West South-west, fourteenes leagues :
In the mid-way of which wee were suddenly come
into a great and whurling Sea,
whether caused by meeting of two streames, or an Over-fall,
I know not.
Thence sayling West and by South seven leagues farther,
we were in the mouth of a Streight and sounded,
and had no ground at one hundred fathomes :
the Streight being there not above two leagues broad,
in the passage in this Wester part :
which from the Easter part of Fretum Danis,
is distant two hundred and fiftie leagues there abouts.
The third day, we put throught the narrow passage,
after our men had beene on Land,
which had well observed there,
That the Floud did come from the North,
flowing by the shoare five fathomes.
The head of this entrance on the South side,
I named Cape Worsenholme;
and the head on the North-wester shoare,
I called Cape Digs.
After wee had sailed with an Easterly winde,
West and by South ten leagues,
the Land fell away to the Southward,
and the other Iles and Land left us to the Westward.
Then I observed and found the ship at noone in 61. degrees 20. minutes,
and a Sea to the Westward.